Hello

Here is the latest Caml Weekly News, for the week of February 12 to 19, 2008.

Archive: http://groups.google.com/group/fa.caml/browse_frm/thread/74a593636ce833e0/57665f9bfaf8de8e#57665f9bfaf8de8e

I'd like to announce the FP-SYD, the Sydney (Australia) Functional Programming group. The intro page is here: http://groups.google.com/group/fp-syd To subscribe to the mailing list (mainly for meeting organisation, meeting announcements, and Sydney job offers) either go to the URL above of send mail to: fp-syd-subscribe at googlegroups dot com

Archive: http://groups.google.com/group/fa.caml/browse_frm/thread/2367110884582c64/931dab1123c26e16#931dab1123c26e16

Relational types in Caml We are pleased to announce the 0.5.0 version of Moca, a general construction functions generator for relational types in Objective Caml. In short: ========= Moca allows the high-level definition and automatic management of complex invariants for data types; Moca also supports the automatic generation of maximally shared values, independantly or in conjunction with the declared invariants. Moca's home page is http://moca.inria.fr/ Moca's source files can be found at ftp://ftp.inria.fr/INRIA/caml-light/bazar-ocaml/moca-0.5.0.tgz Moca is developped by Pierre Weis and Frédéric Blanqui, Richard Bonichon and Laura Lowenthal (see the file AUTHORS in the main directory of the distribution). In long: ======== A relational type is a concrete type that declares invariants or relations that are verified by its constructors. For each relational type definition, Moca compiles a set of Caml construction functions that implements the declared relations. Moca supports two kinds of relations: - algebraic relations (such as associativity or commutativity of a binary constructor), - general rewrite rules that map some pattern of constructors and variables to some arbitrary user's defined expression. Algebraic relations are primitive, so that Moca ensures the correctness of their treatment. By contrast, the general rewrite rules are under the programmer's responsability, so that the desired properties must be verified by a programmer's proof before compilation (including for completeness, termination, and confluence of the resulting term rewriting system). What's new in this release ? ============================ * Lot of work on the documentation: a research paper has been published to described the framework at ESOP'07, talks about relational types and the internal of the compiler are included in the distribution. * An automatic test generation facility has been developped to test the specifications written in Moca. * Arbitrary Caml code can be written in the .mlm files (any sequence of Caml signature items are allowed as extra algebraic properties of generators). This ``external'' code is included as is in the resulting module. * Commutativity relation gets an extra argument which gives the order used to sort the combs (or lists in case of a vary-adic generator). * Source code of the compiler has been documented. * No more shell scripts: the compiler is entirely written in Caml. * User's defined rules have been generalized from pattern -> pattern to pattern -> expr. An example ========== The Moca compiler (named mocac) takes as input a file with extension .mlm that contains the definition of a relational type (a type with ``private'' constructors, each constructor possibly decorated with a set of invariants or algebraic relations). For instance, consider peano.mlm, that defines the type peano with a binary constructor Plus that is associative, treats the nullary constructor Zero as its neutral element, and such that the rewrite rule Plus (Succ n, p) -> Succ (Plus (n, p)) should be used whenever an instance of its left hand side appears in a peano value: type peano = private | Zero | Succ of peano | Plus of peano * peano begin associative neutral (Zero) rule Plus (Succ n, p) -> Succ (Plus (n, p)) end;; From this relational type definition, mocac will generate a regular Objective Caml data type implementation, as a usual two files module. From peano.mlm, mocac produces the following peano.mli interface file: type peano = private | Zero | Succ of peano | Plus of peano * peano val plus : peano * peano -> peano val zero : peano val succ : peano -> peano mocac also writes the following peano.ml file that implements this interface: type peano = | Zero | Succ of peano | Plus of peano * peano let rec plus z = match z with | Succ n, p -> succ (plus (n, p)) | Zero, y -> y | x, Zero -> x | Plus (x, y), z -> plus (x, plus (y, z)) | x, y -> insert_in_plus x y and insert_in_plus x u = match x, u with | _ -> Plus (x, u) and zero = Zero and succ x1 = Succ x1 To prove these construction functions to be correct, you would prove that - no Plus (Zero, x) nor Plus (x, Zero) can be a value in type peano, - for any x, y, z in peano. plus (plus (x, y), z) = plus (x, plus (y, z)) - etc Hopefully, this is useless if mocac is correct: the construction functions respect all the declared invariants and relations. To prove these construction functions to be incorrect, you would have to - find an example that violates the relations. Hopefully, this is not possible (or please, report it!) And, if you needed maximum sharing for peano values, you just have to compile peano.mlm with the "--sharing" option of the mocac compiler: $ mocac --sharing peano.mlm would do the trick ! Conclusion: =========== Moca is still evolving and a lot of proofs has still to be done about the compiler and its algorithms. Anyhow, we think Moca to be already usable and worth to give it a try. Don't hesitate to send your constructive remarks and contributions !

Archive: http://groups.google.com/group/fa.caml/browse_frm/thread/c93b5de9198722a1/e74999ae061a4afe#e74999ae061a4afe

GLCaml version 20080215 is now available at http://glcaml.sourceforge.net GLCaml is a collection of three modules: 1. Glcaml, which offers dynamic bindings to OpenGL 1.1 through 2.1 plus all ARB and vendor specific extensions. 2. SDLCaml, which offers bindings to SDL (http://libsdl.org), a graphics library 3. Win, which allows OpenGL calls to be used from an Ocaml Graphics window without requiring other libraries such as SDL or GTK. This version of GLCaml has major API changes with respect to the previous versions. The following changes have been made: 1. Bigarrays are no longer necessary for using OpenGL functions. Standard Ocaml types (ints, floats, bools and strings, and corresponding arrays) are now used. 2. Enumerated constants (glenums) have been replaced by ints. As a result, there are no more GL_ALL_CAPS constants; these have been replaced by gl_no_caps ints 3. An exception is now always thrown if an OpenGL call is not available. This is because silent fails can leave mutable parameters in an undefined state. Extra examples have been added that make use of the Win module, including an example demonstrating the use of OpenGL shaders.

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